Barrow, John [Editor]
Dictionarium Polygraphicum: Or, The Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested: Illustrated with Fifty-six Copper-Plates. In Two Volumes (Band 2) — London, 1758

Page: 166
DOI Page: Citation link: 
https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/barrow1758bd2/0187
License: Public Domain Mark Use / Order
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i66 PHCE

man; her eyes fparkling and vivid ; rofy cheeks; a vigorous
confiitution, though pretty old ; and in a grave habit.—Her ve-
nerable afpeci: denotes refpect, due to her as the mother of liberal
arts; her books and fcepter, that perfons of quality ought not to
defpife this queen ; the 0 upon her breafr. fignifies theory, and
the letter n, on the bottom of her garment, practice.

PHLEGM is reprefented by a grofs man, fitting in a fur gown,
clapping both hands into his bofom ; his head, one fide bound
up with a blade cloth, almoft covering his eyes; a tortoife by
him.—His grofiheis proceeds from coldnefs and moifture ; the
fur of the otter, it being a phlegmatic animal; his head inclined,
his dulnefs, like the tortoife by his fide, becaufe it is a flow
creature.

PHCEBUS, or SOL, i. e. the fun, was reprefented by the
{tatue of a man, with his head half fhaven.

By the head half fhaven is intimated, that, though his beauty
or fhining may be clouded for a time, yet that he will return, and
beautify the fame with his priftine brightnefs, as the growing of
the hairs, which fignify his beams, to their full extent and per-
fection again, may denote.

Lac/tantius relates, that Phoebus, or Apollo, was the chiefeft
god of the Perfians, who defcribed him as follows : In the fhape
of a man, dreffed in the Perfian habit, and with the head of a
lion, wearing on it fuch ornaments as the Perfian women ufed,
holding by force a white cow by the horns.

By the head of the lion was fignified the dominion of the fun
in the fign Leo ; the cow reprefents the moon, whole exaltation
is in Taurusj and his forcibly holding her by the horns, the eclipfe
of the moon, which fhe cannot avoid.

Macrobius fays, that there was found in Affyria the ftatue of
Phoebus, Apollo, &c. the father of iEfculapius, or polifhed gold,
in the form of a young man, and beardleis, who, ftretching out
his arms, held in his right hand a coachman's whip, and in his
left a thunderbolt, with fome ears of corn.

Martianus defcribes the image of the fun in the form of a man,
wearing on his head a royal and gorgeous crown, inchafed with
many precious gems, three of which adorn his forehead, fix his
temples, and three other the hindermoft part of the crown ; his
hair hanging down in treffes, appearing like refined gold ; and his
couiitenance wholly like a dame ; his garment thin, and wrought
with fine purple and gold ; holding in his right hand a fjhield,
and in his left hand a flaming firebrand; and two wings on his
feet, befet with fiery carbuncles.

Apollo is alio drawn as a young man crowned with laurel,
having long curled golden hair, clad in a purple robe, holding a
filver bow in his hand, and fitting on a throne of erierak's; and

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