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Dea Carna, sacrum (templum, Macrob.) : a temple of Dea Carna (quae
vitalibus, i.e. humanis, praeest) said to have been vowed by L. Junius
Brutus on 1st June in the first year of the republic, and dedicated by
him some time afterwards (Macrob. Sat. i. 12. 31-32). It was on the
Caelian, and seems to have been standing in the third century (Tert,
ad nat. ii. 9 ; RE iii. 1598 ; Rosch. i. 854 ; WR 236 ; Gilb. ii. 19-22).
Dea Naenia, sacellum : a shrine of Naenia, the goddess of lamentation
for the dead, which stood outside the porta Viminalis but is otherwise
unknown (Fest. 161, 163 : Neniae deae sacellum extra portam Viminalem
fuerat dedicatum ; HJ 373 ; WR 245 ; Rosch. iii. 2).
Dea Satriana, lucus : the grove of a deity of the gens Satria, known only
from an inscription now lost which was said to have been found near
S. Peter’s (CIL vi. 114 = 30695 ; Rosch. iv. 425).
Dea Suria, templum : a temple of the ‘ Syrian goddess ’ (Atargatis, the
paredros of Hadad) situated on the right bank of the Tiber. Suet. Nero
56 calls Nero ‘ religionum usque quaque contemptor praeter unius Deae
Syriae ’ ; but this is not sufficient to prove the existence of the temple at
that time ; and we must pass on to the mention of it, under the corrupt
form templum Iasurae,1 in the time of Alexander Severus (Chron. 147).
The provenance of the inscriptions relating to the cult—CIL vi. 115
( = 30696 ; Cap. 92), 116, 117, 32462—is uncertain.
The goddess is also represented on a base which bears a dedication
to Jupiter Heliopolitanus (CIL vi. 423 ; Amelung, Kat. Vat. i. p. 280,
n. 152), found in the temple of the latter divinity (q.v.), which was super-
imposed on the lucus Furrinae, where a dedication in his honour under
the Syrian name Hadad was also found (Mitt. 1907, 230 ; for the identifi-
cation, see Cumont, Religions orientales dans le paganisme romain 165 ;
RE vii. 2163 ; viii. 57) ; so that she was actually worshipped there.
But we know that Syrian deities were also worshipped on the Via Portuen-
sis, where the rest of the inscriptions may have been found (HJ 645-646).
See RE iv. 2236-2243 ; Mitt. 1907, 248-249 ; DE ii. 1466-1473 ; WR
359-361 ; Rosch. iv. 1641-1642 ; PT 123.
Dea Viriplaca, sacellum : a shrine on the Palatine, known only from one
reference (Vai. Max. ii. I. 6 : quotiens vero inter virum et uxorem aliquid
1 Jordan, Hermes, 1872, 314-322.