Fagutal : the early name of the western part of that spur from the
Esquiline plateau, to all of which the name Mons Oppius (q.v.) was
afterwards usually applied. This is the part of the hill now dominated
by S. Pietro in Vincoli, where the arx of the earliest settlement was
probably situated.1 Fagutal is a substantive form from fagutalis (Varro,
LL v. 152 : Fagutal a fago unde etiam Iovis Fagutalis quod ibi sacellum ;
Plin. NH xvi. 37 : Fagutali love etiam nunc ubi lucus fageus fuit; CIL
vi. 452; Solin. i. 26 2), and was given to this hill because of the beech
trees, the lucus Fagutalis, that covered it. some of which were standing
at the end of the republic. Fagutal seems also to have been used of the
shrine of Jupiter itself (Fest. 87 : Fagutal sacellum Iovis in quo fuit
fagus arbor quae Iovis sacra habebatur). The exact relation of Oppius
and Fagutal is not clear, for while there is a distinct differentiation between
the two in the description of the Septimontium (Fest. 341, 348). this
separation is not so definite in the list of the Argei (Varro, LL v. 50).
Probably Fagutal came to be regarded merely as one part of the Oppius,
and was perhaps largely displaced in popular usage by Carinae (q.v.),
which seems originally to have designated only the extreme south-west
edge of the hill (HJ 255-256 ; Mon. L. xv. 782-784, pl. xxv. ; BC 1905,
199-202; 1914, 364-365 ; WR 116; Gilb. i. 162; Rosch. ii. 652-653).
See Vicus Iovis Fagutalis.
Faunus, aedes : so far as is known the only temple of Faunus in Rome,
situated at the north end of the island in the Tiber (Ovid. Fast. ii. 193-194:
Idibus agrestis fumant altaria Fauni / Hie ubi discretas insula rumpit
aquas). It was vowed in 196 b.c. by the aediles Cn. Domitius Aheno-
barbus and C. Scribonius Curio, who built it out of fines collected from
three pecuarii who had been convicted of cheating (Liv. xxxiii. 42. 10).
Two years later it was dedicated by Domitius (Liv. xxxiv. 53. 4) on the
Ides of February (Ovid. loc. cit. Hemerol. Esq. ad Id. Feb., CIL i2.
p. 2io=vi. 2302 ; Fast. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 87). Vitruvius cites it as an
example of a prostyle temple (iii. 2. 3). It was built on the island probably
because of the non-urban character of the god. There are no references
1 The passage was written under the influence of Pinza’s theories (Mon. L. cit.); but it
is of course doubtful whether he is right in dividing the site of Rome into several separate
villages (RE i. A. ioii) ; cf. p. 375.
2 Mommsen’s text gives : Tarquinius Superbus et ipse Esquilinus supra clivum Pullium
et Fagutalem lacum, without any hint of the variant lucum.