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Sacra Urbs, templum (so called) : see Urbis Fanum.
Sacra Via : the oldest and most famous street in Rome. It and the Nova
via were the only streets in the city called viae before the imperial period,
when we hear of a Via Fornicata, Via Tecta and Via Nova (qq. v.).
Sacra via (?) ιερά όόός) was the correct and well-nigh universal form of
the name, and the reverse order, via Sacra, occurs, outside of poetry
(e.g. Hor. Sat. i. 9. 1), with extreme infrequency (Plin. NH xix. 23 ;
Not. Reg. IV; Suet. Vit. 17; Ascon. Cic. pro Mil. 141; CIL vi. 9239,
9418, 9549)· Further evidence for this is found in the word sacravienses
(Fest. 178), and in the protest raised by the grammarians against the
common practice of pronouncing the name as if it were a compound
(Fest. 290 : nec . . . appellari debere ait Verrius sed disiuncte, ut caeteras
vias Flaminiam Appiam Latinam, ut ne Novamviam quidem, sed
Novam viam).
The Sacra via proper began at the top of the Velia, where it was
called summa Sacra via, near the temple of the Lares (Mon. Anc. iv. 7),
the house of the rex sacrorum (Fest. 290), the temple of Jupiter Stator
(Plut. Cic. 16 : ιό ρυ μόνον ev αρχή της ίβράς όόοΰ προς το Παλάτίοι^ ανιόντων)
and the later arch of Titus (Haterii relief, Mon. d. Inst. v. 7 : arcus in
sacra via summa), and extended down to the east end of the forum, a point
variously designated as near the regia, the temple of Vesta, or the arch
of Fabius (Fest. 290; Mart. i. 70. 3-4; Cic. pro Plane. 17 : si quando
iactor in turba, non ilium accuso qui est in summa sacra via cum ego ad
Fabium fornicem impellor ; Varro, RR i. 2). Thrice in poetry (Hor.
Carm. iv. 2. 35 ; Mart. i. 70. 5 ; iv. 78. 7) this section seems to have been
called sacer clivus (see Clivus Sacer), and to go from the upper end to
the lower was called sacra via descendere (Cic. ad Att. iv. 3. 3 ; Asc. in
Scaur. 27 ; Hor. Epod. 7. 7), or deducere (Sall. Hist. ii. frg. 45). This
street, from the top of the Velia to the entrance to the forum, is the
Sacra via of all the sources, literary and epigraphical, down to the end of the
empire, with two exceptions, Varro (LL v. 47 : J Carinae postea Cerionia,
quod hinc oritur caput sacrae viae ab Streniae sacello quae pertinet in
arce(m), qua sacra quotquot mensibus feruntur in arcem et per quam
augures ex arce profecti solent inaugurare. Huius sacrae viae pars haec
sola volgo nota quae est a foro eunti primore clivo), and Festus (290 :
1 p. 23, § 45, in the edition of Kiessling and Schoell.