Elagabalus, templum : a temple of the Syrian god, known officially as
Sol Invictus Elagabalus (Hist. Aug. Elag. I. 7, 17. 8), erected on the
Palatine close to the imperial palace (see Juppiter Ultor for a con-
jectural site) by the Emperor Elagabalus, into which he proposed to
transfer all the principal cults of Rome (op. cit. 1. 6, 3. 4, 6. 7 ; Herodian.
v. 5. 8 ; Aur. Viet. Caes. 23. 1 ; Cass. Dio lxxix. 11). It was dedicated in
221 (Chron. 147 : Eliogaballium dedicatum est; Hieron. a. Abr. 2236),
survived the death of Elagabalus for some time (Hist. Aug. Elag. 17. 8),
but was afterwards destroyed by fire (Passio S. Philippi AA. SS. Oct. 9,
545 ; Mitt. 1892, 158), presumably before the date of the Notitia, in which
the temple is not mentioned (HJ 106 ; RE v. 2221 ; WR 365-366; Rosch.
iv. 1143-1146 ; DE ii. 2089 ; see Gradus Heliogabali). V. Domaszewski,
however, thinks (SHA 1918, 13 A, 150-153) that there would have been
no more room on the Palatine, and puts it in eo loco ... in quo prius
aedes Orci fuit (Hist. Aug. Elag. 1.6; cf. Dis Pater, aedes). He also
maintains that this suits the passage in the Vita S. Sebastiani (Acta SS.
Jan. 20, p. 642), in which the martyr addresses the emperor ‘ stans super
gradus Heliogabali ’—in which case the martyrdom took place in the
For a coin showing this temple, and coins and a capital representing
the stone that embodied the god, see Ann. de Numism, 1890, 468 ; Mitt.
1901,273-282; 1902,67; SScR 310-312.
Elagabalus vews : a temple of the Syrian god Elagabalus, built by the
Emperor Elagabalus in some suburb (er τω 7τροασ-τ6ίω) of the city as a
summer residence of the deity (Herodian v. 6. 6-7). Into this temple,
which is described as very large and magnificent, the stone that repre-
sented the god was carried with great pomp and ceremony. Nothing
further is known of the building, which has wrongly been placed on the
Esquiline (HJ 364 ; Gilb. iii. 114; Richter 315 ; RE v. 2221).
Elephas Herbarius : mentioned in Reg. in Region VIII, and in mediaeval
documents without the adjective (Mir. 29 ; Eins. 9 ; Graphia ap. lord,
ii. 532 ; Reg. Sublac. 138 ad a. 1003 ; DPD i. 490, 515, n. 13 ; ii. 75).
The name survived in that of the mediaeval church of S. Abbacyri et
Archangeli ad Alafantum (Arm. 563-4 ; HCh 162-3, 290 ; cf. 338 (templum
maius (that of Jupiter) quod respicit super Alafantum), and the district is
mentioned in a bull of Anacletus II (1130-8) ; cf. Jord. ii. 667. The