Gradus Gemitorii : see Scalae Gemoniae.
Gradus Heliogabali : mentioned twice in mediaeval documents (Acta
S. Sebastiani AA. SS. Ian. 20, p. 642 ; Mirab. io), and probably on the
north-east part of the Palatine (Jord. ii. 382, 616; HJ 106; HCh 305,
595 ; see Templum Elagabali).
Gradus Monetae : steps mentioned only in Ovid (Fast. i. 638), and evidently
leading up to the arx from the temple of Concord. It is not certain
whether these steps were independent of the scalae Gemoniae, or are
to be identified with them (Gilb. i. 327), or were a prolongation of them
(Rodocanachi, Le Capitole 17).
Gradus S. Sabinae : steps leading down to the Tiber from the church
of S. Sabina on the north-west side of the Aventine. They are mentioned
only by Gregory the Great (ep. reg. ii. 10 ed. Mon. Germ., ii. 4, ed. Migne,
Maur. : hortum Feliciani presbyteri positum in regione prima ante
gradus S. Sabinae) and are marked Scalae Gemoniae (q.v.) on Bufalini’s
map of the city (1551).
Graecostadium : an area enclosed by walls or buildings and evidently
of considerable size in Region VIII (Reg.). It was restored by
Antoninus Pius after a fire (Flist. Aug. Ant. Pii 8), and burned again in
the reign of Carinus (Chron. 148). Part of the name—Graecost—appears
on a fragment (19) of the Marble Plan, and this fragment probably belongs
south of the basilica Iulia. The inscription on a slave’s collar found in
the Tiber : reboca me in Grecostadio Eusebio mancipe (BCr 1902, 126 ;
DR 383), the statement in Seneca (de clem. 13) that there were dealers
in worthless slaves near the temple of Castor, and the fact that the
Graecostadium is mentioned in the Notitia between the vicus Iugarius
and porticus Margaritaria, and in the Curiosum between the vicus and
the basilica Iulia, make it probable that the Graecostadium was an open
court, surrounded by buildings that were used for shops or dwellings,
and that it was situated south of the forum, between it and the present
church of S. Maria della Consolazione. It may be identified with the
Έλλ^ων αγορά of Plutarch (de sollert. anim. 19) which is called rejcero?
and in front of which was a barber’s shop. (Ann. d. Inst. 18.60, 153 ; Mitt.
1905,11-14; REvii. 1692).
Graecostasis : a raised place at the edge of the comitium, which served
as a sort of tribunal for ambassadors from foreign states, especially
Greeks (Varro, LL v. 155). It was near the curia (Cic. ad Q. Fr. ii. 1. 3),
on the west of the rostra, and the relative position of these structures
is determined by the statement of Pliny (NH vii. 212) that the accensus
of the consuls proclaimed the hour of noon when, from the curia, he saw
the sun between the rostra and Graecostasis—that is, in the south.
On the other hand, we are told that in 304 b.c. Cn. Flavius erected a
small bronze shrine (aedicula) to Concordia (q.v.) on the Graecostasis quae
tunc supra Comitium erat (Plin. NH xxxiii. 19), and this ‘ aedes ’ is also