Hecatostylon : a porticus of one hundred columns (Mart. ii. 14. 9 ; iii.
19. 1) represented on a fragment (31) of the Marble Plan as a row of
columns on each side of a long wall running along the north side of the
porticus Pompei, of which it may have formed a part. It was burned in
247 a.d. (Hier. a. Abr. 2263). For possible remains of this building see
LS iii. 123 ; cf. HJ 532 ; RE vii. 2590. Hulsen’s comparison of it with
the so-called Poikile at Hadrian’s villa is illuminating. From Martial
we learn that the plane grove which surrounded it was adorned with
bronze statues of wild beasts (jferae), including that of a bear: the
correlative is the locality known as Mansuetae (q.v.). Cf. Eranos
Heliogabalium : see Elagabali Templum.
Hercules, templum : a temple of Hercules outside the porta Collina, to
which Hannibal advanced when he marched against Rome in 211 b.c.
(Liv. xxvi. 10. 3 : Hannibal ... ad portam Collinam usque ad Herculis
templum est progressus). Nothing further is known of this temple,
for the two inscriptions (CIL vi. 284, 30899 ( — i2. 981) ), sometimes
referred to it, were found one and two kilometres from the porta
Collina (PIJ 416; Mitt. 1891, 114; RE viii. 578-579 ; Rosch. i. 2922;
DE iii. 704).1
Hercules, templum (?) : on the site afterwards occupied by the Teatro
Apollo near Ponte S. Angelo. Here remains of a small round temple (?)
with two capitals in the form of a lion’s skin were found (BC 1892, 175 ;
PT 155; HF 1282, 1283—a third capital is in the Vatican, Gall.
Candelabri 100) and a beautiful altar of the Augustan period, decorated
with bucrania and plane leaves (BC 1891, 45-46; NS 1892, iio-m ;
Mitt. 1892, 322-325 ; HJ 600-601 ; HF 1465 ; PT 252 ; SSculpt 69 ;
SScR 50, 51 ; for the use of plane leaves in connection with Hercules,
see Mitt. 1889, 89 sqq ; ITF 405 ; JRS 1922, 242). An architrave with
lib . . . scratched upon it was also found, and led to the erroneous
supposition that the temple was dedicated to Bacchus.
Hercules Cubans : a monument on the right bank of the Tiber, mentioned
only in the Regionary Catalogue (Not. Reg. XIV), which may have been
either a statue or a shrine of some kind. In 1889, within the limits of the
Horti Caesaris (q.v.), just south of the Trastevere station, a shrine was
discovered cut in the tufa rock and dedicated to Hercules, who is repre-
sented as reclining at table ; together with seven heads of charioteers,
and with two inscriptions recording a dedication by L. Domitius Permissus
(CIL vi. 30891, 30892). To this another inscription (vi. 332) may perhaps
belong, and the shrine is now generally identified with the Hercules
Cubans (HJ 644; NS 1889, 243-247; BC 1890, 9; Mitt. 1891, 149;
1892, 331 ; 1897, 67-70 ; RE viii. 588-589 ; Rosch. i. 2962 ; PT 234).
1 See also De Sanctis, Storia dei Romani, iii. 2. 341.