Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Evans, Arthur J.
The Palace of Minos: a comparative account of the successive stages of the early Cretan civilization as illustred by the discoveries at Knossos (Band 3): The great transitional age in the northern and eastern sections of the Palace — London, 1930

DOI Page / Citation link: 
loading ...
1 cm
OCR fulltext
§ 89. The . Painted High Reliefs from East Hall ; and Bronze
Locks of Hair from Gigantesque Female Image.

Agonistic and acrobatic character of High Reliefs ; Fragment from group
of two wrestlers—Sir W. Richmond's technical appreciation; Boxing bouts
and hand-to-hand encounters in Minoan Art; Upper arm—attributed to
fallen pugilist; Comparison with small relief of H. Triada ' rhyton ' ; Fore-
arm of boxer; Forearm of Taitreador, with clenched fist—Sir W. Richmond
on this ; Hand, with careful rendering of veins ; Leg seen from back, perhaps
of pugilist; Calf in profile and ankle-ring; Female breasts—probably of
Twureador; Fragments of frieze with opposed Griffins tethered to Columns ;
Palm Columns ; Cornice with triple gradation beneath Griffin Frieze ; Opposed
Griffins compared with signet-type; Column here baetylic form of divinity ;
Oriental origin of such 'antithetic' schemes; Frequency of opposed animal
types in Late Minoan Art; High reliefs probably on walls of back Section of
Hall; Double tiers of reliefs; Griff 11 Friezes along side walls in narrower
porticoes; High reliefs evolved from lower ; Gypsum reliefs at Mycenae—by
Minoan hand; Concurrent progress of works in the round; Hand of stone
figure, half natural size; Life-sized female head in painted stucco, from
Mycenae ; Influence of wood carving visible in head; Discovery of large bronze
locks of hair in carbonized deposit by N. wall of East Hall; Belong to wooden
figure of gigantic proportions ; Female sex indicated ; The'Xoana' ofDaedalos;
A gigantesque cult image of Minoan Goddess ; Probable place, in back Section
of Hall.

The remains of high reliefs found in the deposit almost all relate to Agonistic

human subjects, and mostly belong either to the agonistic class concerned batic "

with boxers or wrestlers or to bull-grappling scenes. Cf vthter

Among the fragments discovered that reproduced in Fig. 342 a is of reliefs,

special interest in supplying an indication of the gymnastic character of the Fras-

group to which it belonged. It consists of the front or outer side of a man's from

right shoulder with part of the breast. Below the armpit appears the tip wrestlers,
of a thumb, seen in profile, which, from its position, may be taken to
belong to the right hand of a second figure, grappling that- to which the
shoulder forms part. Evidently the other fingers gripped the arm just
below this. We have here, then, a fragment of a group of two wrestlers.1

1 In order to obtain materials for a correct works I submitted some of the principal frag-
appreciation of this remarkable series of ments to experts both on the artistic and
III. K k