steamers from Malta or Alexandria, when, the voyage being allowed, you have
eeldom more than two or three days to wait for pratique at Portsmouth. If
you begin your tour by Egypt, you have a quarantine of twelve days at Bey-
rout; twelve more at Constantinople ; twelve more at Greece. If you begin
your journey at Greece, you may visit Constantinople, Smyrna, Rhodes, and
Syria, without performing quarantine ; and if you cross the desert from Jerusalem,
you have no quarantine in Egypt. You should not be in Egypt after April, or
in Syria before the end of March. In May, the Bosphorus is in its greatest beauty
The Peninsula and Oriental steamers sail from Southampton on the 3rd of
every month, at 2 p. m. for Alexandria ; for Vigo, Oporto, Lisbon, Cadiz, and
Gibraltar, every Thursday at 3 p. m. ; for Constantinople, by way of Malta,
Atliens, Syra, and Smyrna, on the 25th of each month. The fares are, to
Alexandria £46 10s., to Malta, j£34; servants less than half. These prices
include first-class accommodations, provisions and wine d discretion. The
Company's office is at 51, St. Mary Axe, London.
There is also a means of getting to Egypt in less time, via Marseilles.
French steamers sail from that port on the 4th of every month at 5 p. m.
They are expected to reach Alexandria in seven days; it takes from seven to
nine days to reach Marseilles from London. For my own part, I very much
prefer the long sea voyage; and I think that most people who have experi-
enced the difference between English and French steamers, will prefer two
or three days' additional sailing in the former.
With respect to money, letters of credit are preferable to any other mode.
The bankers at Malta and Alexandria manage so as to lay a heavy deduction
on circular notes. You receive for the latter about 96 per cent, from the bank-
ers. For bills cashed by merchants, you receive from 104 to 105£ per cent.
About £50 a month cover all the expenses that the traveller, unless very lux-
urious, can require in the East; for two or more travelling together, I should
think the expense was nearly half the above.
It is well to make your dragoman your purse-bearer; make him strictly
accountable to you, but never pay with your own hands. Insist on the most
profound respect; preserve your temper and nonchalance as your best title to
influence and security. Never join in a row: let your people fight it out: if
you must act, do so firmly, boldly, and fearlessly of consequences: there are
no consequences that can concern a right-minded Frank. It is too frequently
the habit among our countrymen to dress ludicrously or meanly. This is a
great mistake, and militates much against the wearer. In the East, dress ia
naturally looked upon as a test of the wearer's quality, and he cannot be sur-
prised if he is treated accordingly.
The English traveller should always remember that he is considered by the
Orientals as a representative of his country ; and that, according to his liber-
ality, courage, and temper, impressions are formed of the nation he belongs to,
from which the East is now expecting great things. The people of the West
are known to the people of Egypt and Syria only as Frangee, or Franks, and