Cook, Arthur B.
Zeus: a study in ancient religion (Band 1): Zeus god of the bright sky — Cambridge, 1914

Page: 308
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https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/cook1914bd1/0382
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308 The Lycian Symbol and the Kyklops

Vacca (Bedja) or Sicca Venerea {Kef) in Tunis and is now in the
museum at Lyon. This stone was erected as a votive offering to
Ba'al-kammdn, the principal Punic deity of north Africa, who,
though the word hammdn probably does not mean 'Fiery1,'
appears to have been a sky-god or sun-god of some sort2.
W. Gesenius3 translated the accompanying inscription as follows :

To Lord Baal the Sun-god, king eternal,

who hath heard the words of Hicmath-

o and of thy servant Hicembal the governor...

Fig. 246.

Baal had blessed the cattle of this Hiempsal (so his name should
be written), governor of a Numidian province. Hiempsal, there-
fore, by way of a thank-offering caused a representation of himself
to be carved (fig. 246) with a cow standing beneath it. The inter-
vening symbol, which for us has the main interest, Gesenius does
not attempt to elucidate. But it may fairly be regarded as a sign
and token of Baal himself, the sky-god or sun-god, and cited in
support of the contention that the triskeles had a solar significance.
The same explanation probably applies to a very similar triskeles

1 Infra ch. i § 6 (f) i (7).

2 Cp. G. Maspero The Struggle of the Nations London 1896 p. 155, E. Meyer in
Roscher Lex. Myth. i. 291 ' einer Form des Sonnenba'als,' id. it. i. 2869 ff.

3 W. Gesenius Scripturae linguaeque Phoeniciae monumenta Lipsiae 1837 p. 204 ff.,
pi. 23.
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