Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean — 16.2004(2005)

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FOURTH CATARACT - ULI ISLAND

SUDAN

APPENDIX 1
STONE ARTIFACTS FROM ULI ISLAND
Piotr Osypinski

A survey of Uli Island revealed 19 sites of
apparently occupational character with
stone artifacts lying on the surface. Surface
scatters of pottery were frequently identi-
fiable, providing provisional dating of these
sites to the Neolithic and in some case the
Kerma Horizon. Not one Neolithic-period

cemetery was identified, indicating that oc-
cupation at this time must have been of
a temporary nature. A few sites could be
identified as representing the Middle
Paleolithic period.
The following is a presentation of se-
lected material from some of these sites.

ULI 11: LATE NEOLITHIC / KERMA HORIZON SETTLEMENT

mjamtm.

■ ■ A i
i
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Agate
Concretion
Chert
Core
Levallois for flake
59
48
16
Fig. 13 '-a
Chert
Tool
Denticulate
47
26
23
Fig. 13:^
Chert
Flake
Splintered
48
40
19
Chert
Flake
Cortical butt
21
37
6
Chert
Flake
Cortical butt
27
29
6
Chert
Flake
Cortical butt
36
35
11
Chert
Flake
Flat butt
27
32
12
Chert
Flake
Flat butt
44
28
9
Chert
Flake
Prepared butt
39
19
6
Chert
Flake
Fragment
Chert
Flake
Fragment
Chert
Flake
Fragment
Chert
Flake
Fragment, burnt

Mixed, two-phase assemblage. The Levallois
core and some of the flakes, especially those
with prepared butts, come from the Middle
Paleolithic (rather later than earlier to judge
by their size and raw material). The remain-
ing products are connected with Late Neo-
lithic and even Kerma Horizon occupation

(provisional dating based on pottery evi-
dence). The only tool is a massive denticulate
made from a pebble without any chrono-
logically distinctive features. The presence
of splintered products in the context of an
assemblage of late prehistoric date is notable
(e.g. Uli 6, Uli 10).

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